3.1.4 Continued diffusion of crops and pathogens, including epidemic diseases like the bubonic plague, throughout the Eastern Hemisphere along the trade routes. As in the previous perid, social structures were shaped largely by class and caste hierarchies. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. AP World History: Unit I ... Unit III Unit IV Unit V Unit VI Essay Help Additional Study Resources Key Concept 3.3: Increased Economic Productive Capacity and Its Consequences ... Key Concept 3.3: … The most basic unit of army in the Mongol empire which was consisted of 10 men. 3.1.1 1. it incresed in cross cultural exchange. Islam introduced a new concept-the caliphate- to Afro-Eurasian statecraft. Continuity and Innovation of State Forms and Their Interactions Key Concept 3.3… migrations and commercial contacts led to the diffusion of languages throughout a new region or the emergence of new languages. Increased agricultural productivity and subsequent rising population and greater availability of labor also contributed to urban growth. While cities in general continued to play the roles they had played in the past as governmental, religious and commercial centers, many older cities declined at the same time that numerous new cities took on these established roles. Agricultural production increased significantly due to technological innovations. EXAMPLES: new methods of taxation; tributary systems; adaptation of religious institutions. THIS PAGE IS INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK. 65 UNIT 3: Land-Based Empires 73 UNIT 4: Transoceanic Interconnections 93 UNIT 5: Revolutions ... 249 AP World History Concept Outline. Despite significant continuities in social structures and in methods of production, there were also some important changes in labor management and in the the effects of religious conversion on gender relations and family life. 3.1 How did trade networks in the post-…. cross-cultural exchanges were fostered by the intensification of existing or the creation of new networks of trade and communication. A. Innovations stimulated agricultural and industrial production in many regions. continued diffusion of crops and pathogens throughout the Eastern Hemisphere along the trade routes, What new foods, crops, and agricultural practices diffused in the post classical era, new foods and agricultural techniques were adopted in populated areas, What diseases and pathogens also spread via post-classical trade networks, spread of epidemic diseases, including the Black Death, followed the well established paths of trade and military conquests. A. Islam, based on the revelations of the prophet Muhammad, developed in the Arabian peninsula. A. commercial growth was also facilitate by state practices, trading organizations, and state sposored commercial infrastructures, How did the expansion of empires and trade networks affect the relationship between peoples inside versus outside those "zones? The diversification of labor organization that began with settled agriculture continued in this period. Following the collapses of empires, most reconstituted governments, including the Byzantine Empire and the Chinese dynasties (Sui, Tang, and Song), combined traditional sources of power and legitimacy with innovations better suited to their specific local context. The beliefs and practices of Islam reflected interactions among Jews, Christians, and Zoroastrians with the local Arabian peoples. Muslim rule expanded to many parts of Afro-Eurasia due to military expansion, and Islam subsequently expanded through the activities of merchants and missionaries. How did post-classical trade affect the diffusion of literary, artistic, and cultural traditions? What factors encouraged commercial growth in the post classical era? trade routes between mesoamerica and the Andes developed also trade routes over the Indian Ocean and over the Sahara, What new technologies enabled the growth of inter-regional trade networks. 3.3.3 Despite significant continuities in social structures/methods of production, there were also important changed in labor management and in the effect of religious conversion on gender relations and family life. what new technologies, … Existing trade routes flourished including the Silk Roads, the Mediterranean Sea, trans-Saharan and the Indian Ocean, and promoted the growth of powerful new trading cities. invasions, disease, the decline of agricultural productivity and the Little Ice Age. EXAMPLES: Novgorod, Timbuktu, Swahili city-states, Hangzhou, Calicut, Baghdad, Melaka, Venice, Tenochtitlan, Cahokia, 3.1.2 The Movement of Peoples caused Environmental and Linguistic Effects. How did textile and porcelain production develop in the post-classical era? ex. What institutions did merchants create to foster both trade and cultural diffusion in the post-classical era? The Neolithic Revolution and Early Agricultural Societies. How did trade networks in the post-classical era compare to the classical era? A. Key Concept 3.1 Expansion and Intensification of Communication and Exchange Networks. A. EXAMPLES: The way Scandinavian Vikings used their longships to travel in coastal and open waters as well as in river and estuaries; the way the Arabs and Berbers adapted camels to travel across and around the Sahara; the way Central Asian pastoral groups used horses to travel in the steppes. EXAMPLES: the chinampa field systems; waru waru agricultural techniques in the Andean areas; improved terracing techniques; the horse collar. Interregional contacts and conflicts between states and empires encouraged significant technological and cultural transfer. 3.3.1. A. (Unit 3… how did trade networks in the post-classical era compare to the classical era? (Unit 3 & 4) 133: 4976647568: Religious Diffusion: In the Post-Classical era, the spread of religions. Start studying AP World History key concepts unit 3. Why and where did Muslim trade networks change? 3.2.1 Empires collapsed and were reconstituted; in some regions, new state forms emerged. What were the linguistic effects of migration in the post-classical era? What were the biological effects of post-classical trade? Pastoral peoples in Eurasia built powerful and agrarian worlds, How did post-classical states avoid the mistakes of classical empires in the regions where classical empires collapsed, governments following the collapse of empires combined traditional sources of power and legitimacy with innovations better suited to the current circumstances, What new forms of governance emerged in the post-classical era, new forms of governance emerged including those developed in various Islamic states, How and where did governmental diffusion occur in the post-classical era, some states synthesized local and borrowed traditions, How did states in the Americas develop in the post- classical era, networks of city-states flourished in the Maya region, at the end of this period, imperial systems were created by the Mexica and Inca, What technological and cultural exchanges did states encourage in the post-classical era, inter-regional contacts and coflicts between states and empires encouraged significant technological and cultural transfers, What were the overall worldwide economic trends in the post classical era. pastoral and nomadic groups helped create and sustain these networks an example would be the Mongols. (unit 3) 95: 4976647527: Byzantine Empire I. What roles did cities play in their societies during the post-classical era? Why did some post-classical urban areas decline? Ap World History Unit 3 Key Concepts; cody s. • 39 cards. How did the physical size of post-classical trade networks compare to the previous era? what new technologies, governmtal policies, and merchant activities accopanied these developments? why did some post-classical urban areas prosper and grow? partriarchy persisted; however, in some areas, women exercised more power and influence, most notably among the Mongols and in West Africa, Japan and Southeast Asia. Free peasants resisted attempts to raise dues and taxes by staging revolts (such as in China or the Byzantine Empire). How did social and gender hierarchies develop in the post-classical era? 126.96.36.199 What role did pastoral and noma…. widening of old and new networks of human interaction within and across regions, innovations in transportation, state policies and mercantile practices contributed to the expansion and development of commercial networks, which in turn served as conduits for cultural, technological, and biological diffusion in societies.
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