hackberry butterfly eggs

This is considered to be “cheater” behavior. This is where the hackberry butterfly, question mark, and snout butterlfy prefer to lay their eggs in Central Arizona. More specifically, the butterfly lives in cities, forests, and wooded areas, and especially prefers areas near rivers or other bodies of water. [2] It gets its name from the hackberry tree (Celtis occidentalis and others in the genus Celtis) upon which it lays its eggs. The other strategy is to perch. Hackberry flower nectar, hackberry sap, feces, dead animals including decaying pigs, snakes, and dogs, and old fruit. Only the proboscis is used to touch parts of the flower, which suggests that the butterfly would be an ineffective pollinator. There are a few plausible evolutionary reasons for this behavior, but the exact cause for this species' behavior is contentious. Instead, they commonly eat hackberry sap, feces, dead animals including decaying pigs, snakes, and dogs, and old fruit. Your email address will not be published. Average wingspan: 1.38 – 2.48 inches (3.5 – 6.3 cm), White to gray in color, and are laid in clusters on the underside of hackberry leaves, Hackberry Emperor Images static1.squarespace.com, Hackberry Emperor Butterfly butterfliesandmoths.org, Your email address will not be published. In the spring, they emerge again and climb back up the hackberry tree to eat the foliage. Hackberry Butterfly Caterpillar. Strangely, these butterflies are seen visiting flowers rarely, compared to most other butterfly species. [12], CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, "NatureServe Explorer 2.0 Asterocampa celtis Hackberry Emperor", "hackberry emperor - Asterocampa celtis (Boisduval & Leconte)", "SIGNIFICANCE OF VISITS BY HACKBERRY BUTTERFLIES (NYMPHALIDAE: ASTEROCAMPA) TO FLOWERS", "Lepidoptera associated with pig carrion", "General Notes: INSECT PARASITES AND PREDATORS OF HACKBERRY BUTTERFLIES (NYMPHALIDAE: ASTEROCAMPA)", "Mate-locating behavior of western North American butterflies", "Hackberry Emperor Asterocampa celtis (Boisduval & Leconte, [1835]) | Butterflies and Moths of North America", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Asterocampa_celtis&oldid=989299188, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 November 2020, at 05:07. Its caterpillars feed on the several species of hackberry trees/shrubs. Hackberry butterflies are known to land on humans to lick off sweat and gain sodium from it. On the rare occasion that the butterfly visits flowers for feeding, it does not allow its feet or its antennae to touch the flower. The caterpillars have been known to eat so much at a time that they can completely defoliate a tree. When the wings are closed, the patterns look almost similar, except that the hues are much lighter. Celtis laevigata Up Close. Hackberry Emperor Butterfly Chrysalis lh3.ggpht.com. Furthermore, the hackberry emperor may be seen near woodland edges, near creeks, around buildings, and around damp, muddy areas. For A. celtis, laying eggs in clusters is its best strategy to produce the most offspring.[5][7]. [4], As a member of the family Nymphalidae, the hackberry emperor oviposits its eggs in clutches, or clusters, upon hackberry leaves. Patrollers are attracted to still objects that resemble a mate. They must first climb back up their host tree to eat after they are done hibernating over winter. [3][7], Pupae have a dark green color with white spots all around the body. Required fields are marked *. Hackberry Butterfly Chrysalis Note how the chrysalis’ texture and coloration almost mirror the Hackberry’s leaf Hackberry Butterfly (Asterocampa Celtis) Host Plants Hackberry Tree (Celtis Occidentalis) Sugarberry Tree There are a variety of species of the hackberry line, and A. celtis is not found preferentially on any one kind of hackberry. Males perch head-down on tall objects in sunny, open locations waiting for females to approach. It has been observed as far south as central Mexico and north into parts of Eastern Canada. Hackberry Butterfly Side View. The entire body is a bright green having pale yellow bumps. [7], A. celtis visits flowers in an unusual way. [7], A. celtis adults exhibit sexual dimorphism. The male rests on rocks, trees, or fallen branches often along streams from the afternoon until around sundown. The stink bug is also a very common predator of hackberry emperor eggs. Some factors influencing oviposition could be that laying eggs in a large cluster decreases the time and energy necessary for searching for new leaf sites, which decrease the risk of maternal death between oviposition events. Reproduction in whole or in part without permission is prohibited. The head has brown-black colored dorsal horns. The life cycle of hackberry emperor caterpillars begins with eggs laid on the underside of hackberry tree leaves. The Hackberry Emperor (a.k.a. It often is found along water sources and lowlands, although it lives in a broad range of habitats. Period. Males have smaller, darker bodies and more slender wings than females. [3][6], Adult hackberry emperors lay two broods in a year. Perchers typically spend only part of the day actively looking for a mate. Color and Appearance: Their appearance varies dramatically with latitudes. Sexual Dimorphism: Not distinctly present. Another notable characteristic is that it rarely is spotted visiting a flower, which is considered unusual for a butterfly. The body is a primarily green with whitish-yellow chalazae, or bumps. Its range extends to the southwest into regions like Arizona, New Mexico, and other parts of the Rockies, as shown by the map. Entire southeastern part of North America, Wooded roadsides and streams, towns, forest glades and edges of rivers. The chrysalis has a dark green color at the base studded with white spots all over. Photo shows summer new growth leaves. This species can more accurately be described as parasitizing their hosts and plant food sources since they extract nutrients without providing any benefits to the host. [3][6], Asterocampa celtis lives wherever the hackberry tree lives. Mourning Cloak, Question Mark, Hackberry Emperor, Comma, Snout, and Tawny Emperor butterflies host on this tree. 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