mount tongariro wiki

Understory species within the forests include ferns such as crown fern (Blechnum discolor) as well as shrub species. Side trips to the summits of Mount Tongariro and Mount Ngauruhoe are possible on these tracks. The prevailing westerly winds gather water over the Tasman Sea. State Highway 47 joins these two highways to the north of much of the park, although it bisects the Pihanga Scenic Reserve. There is also opportunity for hunting, game fishing, mountain biking, horse riding, rafting and scenic flights. [8] Grouse were never actually introduced, but the heather is sprawling, threatening the ecological system and endemic plants of the park. The scheme taps a catchment area of more than 2600 km2 and uses a series of lakes, canals and tunnels to take water to the two stations which typically generate 1400 GWh pa,. That's it. Climate information with charts. Later the peaks of Mount Tongariro, Mount Ngauruhoe, and parts of Mount Ruapehu, were conveyed to Also known as National Park Village, it is the highest urban township in New Zealand, at 825 metres. As a relatively young country, we are lucky to have so many recorded stories of how our landscapes came to be. Above 2200 m live only crustose lichens. This magma being less dense, rises to the surface and goes through the weak parts of the Earth's crust (the faults) resulting in volcanic processes in the area. It has been acknowledged by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site of mixed cultural and natural values. As the volcanoes of Tongariro National Park are the first significant elevations that these winds encounter on the North Island, besides Mount Taranaki, rain falls almost daily. The second Tongariro National Park Act, in 1922, started some active conservation efforts, but it was not until 1931 that the first permanent park ranger began work. Beschreibung. Mount Tongariro and its surroundings are one of the several locations where Peter Jackson shot The Lord of the Rings film trilogy; tours to view these places are commonly arranged by the tour's operators and lodges. Crater Lake; Do [] [add listing]. Understanding the history of Tongariro National Park is a huge part of why the region is so close to our hearts. The 80,000 hectares Tongariro National Park (a World Heritage Area) is the centre of attraction for this district. A slightly smaller ski field called Turoa is on the south-western slope. On this level, one can also find a 50 km2 beech forest, containing red (Nothofagus fusca), silver (Nothofagus menziesii) and mountain beech (Nothofagus solandri var cliffortioides). El parc nacional de Tongariro és el parc nacional més antic de Nova Zelanda, situat al mig de l'Illa del Nord.Va ser reconegut per la UNESCO com un dels 24 llocs Patrimoni de la Humanitat que barreja cultura i naturalesa.. Va ser el quart parc nacional establert al món. Mount Tongariro, New Zealand - Current weather, an hourly forecast for today, tomorrow, detailed 10-day weather forecast and long range monthly outlook. [6] It is just a few kilometres west-southwest of Lake Taupo. These two ski fields came under common management in 2000. Small glaciers are present on the summit of Mt. In the west, State Highway 4 passes National Park village, and in the east, State Highway 1, known for this stretch as the Desert Road, runs parallel to the Tongariro River. Mount Tongariro Weather (Days 0-3): Heavy rain (total 33mm), heaviest during Mon night. Tongariro National Park (/ˈtɒŋɡərɪroʊ/; Māori: [tɔŋaɾiɾɔ]) is the oldest national park in New Zealand,[1] located in the central North Island. There are a number of Māori religious sites within the park,[3] and many of the park's summits, including Ngauruhoe and Ruapehu, are tapu, or sacred. Tongariro Alpine Crossing . Tongariro National Park stretches around the massif of the three active volcanoes Mount Ruapehu, Mount Ngauruhoe, and Mount Tongariro. The western diversion takes water from six rivers and streams from the Whakapapa River to the Whanganui River, into Lake Rotoaira via Lake Otamangakau. But it was not before opening of the railway in 1908 and the building of roads in the 1930s that a significant number of people visited the park. In winter there is snow to about 1500 m. Temperatures vary dramatically, even within one day. (Days 3-6): Light rain (total 2mm), mostly falling on Wed night. … Der sich im Zentrum der Nordinsel erstreckende Park gehört als eine von nur 35 Stätten sowohl zum Weltkultur- als auch zum Weltnaturerbe der UNESCO. It has two nutcracker rope tows, and covers 1.9 km2. Then it is distributed to residential, commercial and industrial customers throughout New Zealand. Jump to navigation Jump to search. Directly next to the ski field are 47 ski club huts; most of them also accommodate non-club members. The 120MW Rangipo power station is 230 m below ground. It has been acknowledged by UNESCO as one of the 28 mixed cultural and natural World Heritage. It is located 20 kilometres (12 mi) to the southwest of Lake Taupo, and is the northernmost of the three active volcanoes that dominate the landscape of the central North Island. National Park is a small town on the North Island Central Plateau in New Zealand. To the north and west of the park, a podocarp-broadleaf rain forest near Lake Taupo stretches over an area of 30 km2, and up to an elevation of 1000 m. In this rain forest live Hall's totara (Podocarpus laetus), kahikatea (Dacrycarpus dacrydioides), kamahi (Weinmannia racemosa), pahautea (Libocedrus bidwillii), and numerous epiphytic ferns, orchids, and fungi. Mainly near gales. Road construction into Whakapapa valley had already begun in the 1920s. Most of the track is also part of the Tongariro Northern Circuit, a two- to four-day tour, which is one of New Zealand's nine Great Walks. Later the peaks of Mount Tongariro, Mount Ngauruhoe, and parts of Mount Ruapehu, were conveyed to The Crown on 23 September 1887, on condition that a protected area was established there. Home to the highest mountain on New Zealand's North Island, the 2,800-metre-high volcano Mount Ruapehu, Tongariro National Park is one of the highlights of any visit to New Zealand. Tongariro Alpine Crossing - Living a Kiwi Life - Ep. Tongariro National Park covers 786 km2 stretching between 175° 22' and 175° 48' East and 38° 58' and 39° 25' South in the heart of the North Island of New Zealand. The big three mountains in the Park are Mount Ruapehu (9,173 ft / 2,796 m), Mount Ngauruhoe (7,503 ft / 2,287 m), and Mount Tongariro (6,453 ft / 1,967 m). It also draws water from the Tongariro River via the Poutu tunnel and canal. The Tongariro Alpine Crossing, a crossing of Mt Tongariro near Turangi, is extremely popular. Tongariro National Park has been under the control of the New Zealand Department of Conservation since the creation of the department in 1987. Get in [] Get around [] See [] [add listing]. Das Tongariro-Massiv besteht aus einer Ansammlung von Vulkankegeln, die sich über einen Zeitraum der letzten 275.000 Jahre gebildet haben.Die aktivsten Krater sind Te Māri, Emerald, North Crater und Red Crater.Der jüngste Kegel des Tongariro-Komplexes, der Ngauruhoe, entstand vor 2500 Jahren und stellt heute die höchste Erhebung des Tongariro dar. 1,978 metros ibabaw sa dagat kahaboga ang nahimutangan sa Tongariro, o 298 ka metros sa ibabaw sa naglibot nga tereyn.Mga 4.0 ka kilometro ang gilapdon sa tiilan niini. Tongariro became New Zealand’s first national park in 1887. Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea! Centered on the highest village in the country, Whakapapa, the region is a … The crossing is a linear journey, starting on the west side of Mount Tongariro and finishing on the north side. The Tongariro National Park is a rough and partly unstable environment. Mount Tongariro Another volcano within the park that has experienced the effects of weathering and erosion is Mount Ngauruhoe. At Whakapapa Village (1119 m) the average annual rainfall is about 2200 mm, in Ohakune (610 m) about 1250 mm and in higher altitudes, such as Iwikau Village (1770 m), about 4900 mm. The mountain summits are of great significance to the local Māori. It continued to erupt sporadically for nearly a year. When the New Zealand Parliament passed the Tongariro National Park Act in October 1894, the park covered an area of about 252.13 km2, but it took until 1907 to acquire the land. Really, everything start's here. Tongariro National Park is the oldest national park located in New Zealand. It is 330 km south of Auckland by road, and 320 km north of Wellington. The first ski hut was built in 1923 at an elevation of 1770 m, thereafter a road, and, in 1938, a ski lift in the area. Ruim 260.000 jaar geleden barstte de … This road climbs to Iwikau Village, which provides access to ski fields. Ngāti Tūwharetoa is an iwi (Māori tribe) descended from Ngātoro-i-rangi, the priest who navigated the Arawa canoe to New Zealand.The Tūwharetoa region extends from Te Awa o te Atua (Tarawera River) at Matata across the central plateau of the North Island to the lands around Mount Tongariro … Further away are Waiouru and Raetihi. The park covers around 80,000 hectares. The first activities in the young Tongariro National Park were the construction of tourist huts at the beginning of the 20th century. The park also features the only two native mammals of New Zealand, the short and long tailed bat (Mystacina tuberculata and Chalinolobus tuberculatus). Mild temperatures (max 9°C on … The Tongariro National Park also teems with insects like moths and wētā. State Highway 47 joins these two highways to the north of much of the park, although it bisects the Pihanga Scenic Reserve. The scheme taps a catchment area of more than 2600 km2 and uses a series of lakes, canals and tunnels to take water to the two stations which typically generate 1400 GWh pa,. Tongariro National Park is the oldest national park located in New Zealand. The world famous Tongariro Alpine Crossing is a 19km hike over Mt. Mount Tongariro is in the central North Island of New Zealand.It has 12 cones on top of its mountain. Emerald Lakes The hotel Chateau Tongariro, which is still the centre of Whakapapa today, was established in 1929. The park's volcanoes are the southern end of a 2500 km long range of volcanoes, below which the Australian Plate meets the Pacific Plate. At 12.40 p.m. on 13 November 1896, Te Maari, a crater at the northern end of the Tongariro range, erupted spectacularly. » Tongariro National Park Information » Tongariro National Park Travel Directory Mount Ruapehu is an active stratovolcano at the southern end of the Taupo Volcanic Zone in New Zealand. Efforts are being made to control the plant's spread, however complete eradication seems unlikely. The Whanganui River rises within the park and flows through Whanganui National Park to the west. Above 1500 m, the terrain consists of gravel and stone fields and is accordingly unstable. [1] The active volcanic mountains Ruapehu, Ngauruhoe, and Tongariro are located in the centre of the park.[1]. Beside these major ski fields, there are also the Tukino ski area, privately run by the Desert Alpine Ski Club, and the Aorangi Ski Club on the south-eastern slope. It will enhance any encyclopedic page you visit with the magic of the WIKI 2 technology. But it was not before opening of the railway in 1908 and the building of roads in the 1930s that a significant number of people visited the park. Mount Tongariro (/ˈtɒŋɡəˌrɛ.roʊ/; Māori pronunciation: [tɔŋaɾiɾɔ]) is a compound volcano in the Taupo Volcanic Zone of the North Island of New Zealand. Ruapehu seen from Whakapapa Village, Tongariro National Park. These volcanoes have resulted from internal tectonic processes. Glaciers were last present on Tongariro during the Last Glacial Maximum.[10]. We have created a browser extension. The park was New Zealand's first … The first activities in the young Tongariro National Park were the construction of tourist huts at the beginning of the 20th century. Find all the transport options for your trip from Auckland to Mount Tongariro right here. Tongariro National Park, in the central North Island of New Zealand, contains the three active volcanoes of Mount Ruapehu (the island's highest peak), Mount Tongariro and Mount Ngauruhoe.It is one of the North Island's most popular areas for day tramping, multi-day tramping and snow sports.The island's two main skifields are on Ruapehu. The Pacific Plate subducts under the Australian plate, and subsequently melts due to the high temperatures of the aesthenosphere. The second Tongariro National Park Act, in 1922, started some active conservation efforts, but it was not until 1931 that the first permanent park ranger began work. In some summers the summits of the three volcanoes are covered with snow; on top of Mount Ruapehu, snow fields can be found every summer and the summit is glaciated.[7]. Mount Tongariro is een complexe vulkaan op het Noordereiland van Nieuw-Zeeland.De vulkaan ligt twintig kilometer ten zuidwesten van Lake Taupo.Hij is van de drie actieve vulkanen, die het centrale deel van het Noordereiland domineren, het meest noordelijk gelegen.. De vulkaan, meestal gewoon Tongariro genoemd, heeft een hoogte van 1978 meter. How to say Tongariro in English? The bulk of Tongariro National Park is surrounded by well-maintained roads that roughly follow the park borders and provide easy access. Pihanga Scenic Reserve, som indeholder Lake Rotopounamu, Mount Pihanga og Mount Kakaramea, og ydersiden af hovedparkområdet, er en del af parken. Bukid ang Tongariro sa Nuzeland. The southern link is State Highway 49. It is crowded in summer. Parcul Național Tongariro este cel mai vechi parc din Noua Zeelandă și pe locul patru după vechime în lume. Another route is the three- to six-day Round the Mountain Track around Mount Ruapehu. The last modification to the Act was passed in 1980. When the New Zealand Parliament passed the Tongariro National Park Act in October 1894, the park covered an area of about 252.13 km2, but it took until 1907 to acquire the land. Mount Tongariro is 1,978 m (6,490 ft) tall. Snow season is from late June to early November. This volcano is considered to be a stratovolcano and the sides of its cone are steep and loose scree slopes that are covered in materials from eruptions that date back to 1839. As the area is a national park there are few businesses that sell food in the area. It is 23 kilometres northeast of Ohakune and 40 kilometres southwest of the southern shore of Lake Taupo, within Tongariro National Park. These two ski fields came under common management in 2000. El parc nacional de Tongariro és el parc nacional més antic de Nova Zelanda, situat al mig de l'Illa del Nord.Va ser reconegut per la UNESCO com un dels 24 llocs Patrimoni de la Humanitat que barreja cultura i naturalesa.. Va ser el quart parc nacional establert al món. The Pacific Plate subducts under the Australian plate, and subsequently melts due to the high temperatures of the aesthenosphere. Ruapehu today, however there is abundant geomorphological evidence for more extensive glaciation in the recent geological past. A slightly smaller ski field called Turoa is on the south-western slope. Národní park Tongariro (anglicky Tongariro National Park) byl založen v roce 1887 jako první národní park na Novém Zélandu.Leží uprostřed Severního ostrova a má rozlohu 796 km². At Whakapapa Village (1119 m) the average annual rainfall is about 2200 mm, in Ohakune (610 m) about 1250 mm and in higher altitudes, such as Iwikau Village (1770 m), about 4900 mm. This volcano is considered to be a stratovolcano and the sides of its cone are steep and loose scree slopes that are covered in materials from eruptions that date back to 1839. It gathers water from the mountains of the central volcanic plateau, passes it through Rangipo (120MW) and Tokaanu (240MW) power stations, and releases it into Lake Taupo. This early tourist development explains the rather uncommon existence of a permanently inhabited village and fully developed ski area within a national park. The main activities are hiking and climbing in summer, and skiing and snowboarding in winter. There are 56 significant species of birds, such as rare endemic species like the North Island brown kiwi, kākā, blue duck, North Island fernbird (Bowdleria punctata vealeae), double-banded plover and New Zealand falcon/kārearea. It is crowded in summer. A volcano in the Taupo Volcanic Zone, North Island, New Zealand. Features. Tongariro redirects here. The Tokaanu power station is connected to Lake Rotoaira via a six kilometre tunnel through Mount Tihia. The most popular track in Tongariro National Park is the Tongariro Alpine Crossing. Ski; Buy [] [add listing] Eat [] [add listing]. The southern link is State Highway 49. As the area is a national park there are few businesses that sell food in the area. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Between 1700 and 2020 m there are some isolated Parahebe species, Gentiana bellidifolia and buttercups. Ruapehu volcano and its eruptions. Tongariro National Park strekkjer seg kring fjellmassiva til dei tre vulkanane Mount Ruapehu, Mount Ngauruhoe og Mount Tongariro.Pihanga Scenic Reserve, eit område som omfattar Lake Rotopounamu, Mount Pihanga og Mount Kakaramea, er ein del av parken, sjølv om det ligg utanfor han. [6] It is just a few kilometres west-southwest of Lake Taupo. The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. The hotel Chateau Tongariro, which is still the centre of Whakapapa today, was established in 1929. [4] The park includes many towns around its boundary including Ohakune, Waiouru, Horopito, Pokaka, Erua, National Park Village, Whakapapa skifield and Turangi. It has erupted over 70 times in the last few years. Within the park borders, the only settlements are the tourism-based village at Whakapapa Village which consists solely of ski accommodation. When the Act was renewed in 1922, the park area was extended to 586.8 km2. Three volcanoes (Tongariro, Ngauruhoe and Ruapehu) remain active, while the park's two northernmost volcanoes (Pihanga and the Kakaramea-Tihia Massif) last erupted over 20,000 years ago. The east–west rainfall differences are not as great as in the Southern Alps, because the three volcanoes do not belong to a greater mountain range, but there is still a noticeable rain shadow effect with the Rangipo desert on the Eastern leeward side receiving 1,000 mm of annual rainfall. Last edited on 18 September 2020, at 06:12, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "The 10 Oldest National Parks in the World", "Data Table - Protected Areas - LINZ Data Service", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tongariro_National_Park&oldid=979006175, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Cultural and Natural: (vi), (vii), (viii), This page was last edited on 18 September 2020, at 06:12. [9], Erosion and deposition by mountain glaciers has also played an important role in shaping Tongariro and Ruapehu volcanoes. It is 23 kilometres (14 mi) northeast of Ohakune and 23 km (14 mi) southwest of the southern shore of Lake Taupo, within Tongariro National Park. Two Maori kainga (settlements) Papakai and Otukou are not part of the park but lie on the shores of Lake Rotoaira between the Pihanga Scenic Reserve and the main park area. Three volcanoes (Tongariro, Ngauruhoe and Ruapehu) remain active, while the park's two northernmost volcanoes (Pihanga and the Kakaramea-Tihia Massif) last erupted over 20,000 years ago. The park's volcanoes are the southern end of a 2500 km long range of volcanoes, below which the Australian Plate meets the Pacific Plate. Parques Nacionais de … Centered on the highest village in the country, Whakapapa, the region is a paradise to lovers of the outdoors all year round. In the early 20th century, park administrators introduced heather to the park, for grouse hunting. : You are free: to share – to copy, distribute and transmit the work; to remix – to adapt the work; Under the following conditions: attribution – You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. Other bird species common to the park are tui, New Zealand bellbird, morepork/ruru, grey warbler/riroriro, fantail, whitehead/pōpokotea and silvereye. Also present in the park, as well as the whole of New Zealand, are animals introduced by Europeans, such as black rats, stoats, cats, rabbits, hare, possums and red deer. It has 15 lifts, covering an area of 5.5 km2. Crater Lake; Do [] [add listing]. In Whakapapa, they can fall below the freezing point all year round. Though it has only nine lifts, the skiing area, of 5 km2, is almost as large as Whakapapa's. The most popular track in Tongariro National Park is the Tongariro Alpine Crossing. Its turbines are located in a cavern cut from solid rock and lined with concrete. For other uses, see Tongariro (disambiguation). Get in [] Get around [] See [] [add listing]. To the north and west of the park, a podocarp-broadleaf rain forest near Lake Taupo stretches over an area of 30 km2, and up to an elevation of 1000 m. In this rain forest live Hall's totara (Podocarpus laetus), kahikatea (Dacrycarpus dacrydioides), kamahi (Weinmannia racemosa), pahautea (Libocedrus bidwillii), and numerous epiphytic ferns, orchids, and fungi. Mount Ruapehu lies in Tongariro National Park, in the Central North Island of New Zealand.The mountain is an active volcano, but also has the two major skifields for the North Island. The park covers around 80,000 hectares. about four percent of the country's total electricity generation. [11] There is also a 95 km2 area of scrubland, containing kanuka (Leptospermum ericoides), manuka (Leptospermum scoparium), celery-top pine (Phyllocladus aspleniifolius), inaka (Dracophyllum longifolium), woolly fringe moss (Rhacomitrium lanuginosum), small beeches and introduced heather. The extra catchment increases the volume of water going into Lake Taupo and down the Waikato River by 20%. 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